Two starkly different reports have come out recently on the future of farming. A recent series in the Economist touts industrialized farming as the only way to feed the world as our population swells beyond nine billion people by 2050. But a new report from the United Nations says farmers can meet growing demand using ecologically sound agricultural methods. The world body has released a study that calls for a fundamental shift towards what it calls agroecology as a way to boost production. “To feed nine billion people in 2050, we urgently need to adopt the most efficient farming techniques available,” says Olivier De Schutter, U.N. Special Rapporteur on the right to food and author of the report. “Today’s scientific evidence demonstrates that agroecological methods outperform the use of chemical fertilizers in boosting food production where the hungry live --especially in unfavorable environments.” De Schutter is right. Farming that relies on inputs that destroy the atmosphere, pollute our drinking water, make our antibiotics ineffective and treat workers, communities and animals as garbage, is not a viable option for the future.
Despite significant protest from organizations (including ours) and many thousands of concerned individuals, the USDA’s Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS) has defined “naturally raised” to mean something far from it. Producers are now allowed to to label products “naturally raised” as long as the animals have been produced “entirely without growth promotants, antibiotics (except for ionophores used as coccidiostats for parasite control), and have never been fed animal by-products.” Nowhere does this definition mention pasture (or even outdoor access!), genetic engineering, or physical mutilation (like tail-docking and beak-trimming).
The proposed claim as published is inaccurate and misleading.
As I read it, the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) states that a food label must be true. In order for the USDA definition of “naturally raised” to be true, it should actually read, “naturally fed.” The dictionary definition of raised (transitive verb, to grow vegetables or breed and care for animals, usually for profit or personal satisfaction) includes much more.
If AMS doesn’t like the sound of “naturally fed,” then raising practices must be addressed. If the latter is chosen they might save some time by visiting www.AnimalWelfareApproved.org, where they will find species-specific standards for raising animals naturally.
Feeding practices aside, the new ruling also makes a notable exception for the use of ionophores, a class of anticoccidial drugs. Why the exception? Well, intensive livestock production systems may have a vested interest here. The use of ionophores is interesting in that they are supposedly being regulated and controlled to treat just one outcome – parasite control. However, an “incidental” side effect is that they will likely suppress other diseases as they have a known antibacterial action as well. Some would call this subtherapeautic antibiotic use.
As an aside I would actually prefer that the use of therapeutic antibiotics be permitted as part of “natural raising” because if despite my best efforts, one of my animals gets sick, I want to be able to treat it and not let it suffer just so I can market it under a particular label.
I would assert that the proposed definition is in its current form is clearly untrue and likely (if not intended) to mislead the consumer. It would appear to me that AMS is proposing a definition for the use of a label that is in fact a violation of the CFR.